Bitcoin Price History: When Was Bitcoin Created?

bitcoin price history

Bitcoin emerged on January 3, 2009, with the mining of its first block by Satoshi Nakamoto. This marked the start of its fascinating price history. To trace Bitcoin Price History, we must explore its origins and pivotal moments in its journey to global prominence.

When Was Bitcoin Created

The genesis of Bitcoin is shrouded in mystery, attributed to the pseudonymous Satoshi Nakamoto. Satoshi’s identity remains elusive, emphasizing the decentralized ethos underlying Bitcoin’s creation. In 2008, Satoshi released the seminal whitepaper, titled “Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System,” outlining the innovative blockchain technology and the proof-of-work consensus mechanism. The following year, in 2009, the first block—the Genesis Block—was mined, birthing the Bitcoin blockchain. Embedded with a symbolic message highlighting financial crises, the Genesis Block marked the initiation of Bitcoin’s transformative journey, challenging traditional financial systems and advocating for decentralization.

Some highlights about Early Days: Price Discovery

  • Lack of Initial Valuation

In its nascent stages, Bitcoin faced the challenge of lacking a concrete valuation. Without a precedent, establishing the value of this novel digital currency proved elusive. The absence of a central authority to dictate its worth left Bitcoin’s early adopters navigating uncharted financial territory, relying on community consensus and market dynamics for price determination.

  • Early Transactions and Miners

The initial transactions and miners played a pivotal role in shaping Bitcoin’s early ecosystem. Transactions were limited, often centered around tech enthusiasts and cryptography communities. Early miners, driven by the vision of decentralized currency, contributed to the network’s security and growth. The modest beginnings laid the groundwork for a gradually expanding network, fostering a sense of community among those who saw the potential of this groundbreaking financial technology.

  • Market Perception in the Early Years

Bitcoin’s market perception in its early years was marked by skepticism and curiosity. Many viewed it as an experimental and volatile asset, while others recognized its disruptive potential. The novelty of a decentralized digital currency sparked debates and discussions within financial and tech circles. Bitcoin’s association with illicit activities in some instances further fueled skepticism. Despite the uncertainties, a growing community of believers emerged, laying the foundation for Bitcoin’s evolution from a niche experiment to a global financial phenomenon.

Bitcoin Price History

Bitcoin Price History: 2009 – 2015

When Bitcoin first emerged in 2009, it held no monetary value. However, a significant turning point occurred on July 17, 2010, when its price surged to $0.09. The cryptocurrency’s value soared once more on April 13, 2011, skyrocketing from $1 to an astonishing peak of $29.60 by June 7, 2011. This remarkable ascent marked a phenomenal gain of 2,960% within a mere three-month period.

Subsequently, a sharp downturn hit the cryptocurrency market, causing Bitcoin’s price to plummet to a low of $2.05 by mid-November. The following year, Bitcoin’s value exhibited renewed strength, rising from $4.85 on May 9 to $13.50 by August 15.

The year 2012 remained relatively uneventful for Bitcoin. However, 2013 proved to be a pivotal year, witnessing substantial price gains. Bitcoin initiated the year trading at $13.28 and reached an impressive $230 on April 8. Nonetheless, this rapid ascent was met with an equally swift deceleration, bringing the price down to $68.50 just a few weeks later, specifically on July 4.

In the early days of October 2013, Bitcoin was valued at $123.00. By December of the same year, its price had surged to a remarkable $1,237.55, only to experience a sharp decline to $687.02 just three days later. Bitcoin’s value continued to fluctuate throughout 2014, eventually touching $315.21 at the beginning of 2015.

Bitcoin Price History: 2016 – 2020

Throughout 2016, prices exhibited a gradual ascent, culminating in a value of over $900 by the year’s end. Moving into 2017, Bitcoin’s price stabilized around the $1,000 mark, but a significant turning point occurred in mid-May when it surged past $2,000, eventually skyrocketing to an astounding $19,345.49 by December 15.

This meteoric rise did not go unnoticed. Mainstream investors, governments, economists, and scientists all began to take a keen interest, leading to the development of alternative cryptocurrencies aimed at competing with Bitcoin.

The following years, 2018 and 2019, witnessed Bitcoin’s price moving relatively sideways with occasional bursts of activity. Notably, in June 2019, there was a resurgence in both price and trading volume, propelling Bitcoin’s value past the $10,000 mark. Nevertheless, it saw a decline to $6,635.84 by mid-December.

In 2020, the global economy faced a lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This crisis reignited Bitcoin’s price rally. Commencing the year at $6,965.72, the pandemic-induced shutdowns, coupled with government policies, heightened investor concerns about the global economy, further accelerating Bitcoin’s upward trajectory.

By the close of November 23, Bitcoin was trading at $19,157.16. The cryptocurrency’s price nearly reached the $29,000 mark in December 2020, marking an astonishing 416% increase from the beginning of the year.

Bitcoin Price History: 2021 – Present

In early 2021, Bitcoin wasted no time in eclipsing its 2020 price milestone, smashing through the $40,000 barrier by January 7th. By mid-April, the cryptocurrency had soared to unprecedented heights, surpassing $60,000. This surge coincided with the public listing of Coinbase, a prominent cryptocurrency exchange, and institutional interest added fuel to the fire, propelling Bitcoin to its zenith of $63,558 on April 12, 2021.

However, the summer of 2021 saw a significant correction, with prices plummeting by 50% and touching $29,796 on July 19. September ushered in another bull run, briefly pushing prices up to $52,693, only to be followed by a substantial downturn, concluding with a closing price of $40,710 approximately two weeks later.

On November 10, 2021, Bitcoin once again achieved an all-time high, reaching $68,789 before settling at $64,995. By mid-December 2021, Bitcoin’s value had retraced to $46,164. The cryptocurrency market grew increasingly volatile as concerns over inflation and the emergence of the Omicron variant of COVID-19 unnerved investors.

Between January and May 2022, Bitcoin’s price continued its gradual descent, closing at $47,445 by the end of March and further declining to $28,305 on May 11. This marked the first time since July 2021 that Bitcoin had closed below the $30,000 threshold. On June 13, 2022, cryptocurrency prices experienced a sharp decline, with Bitcoin slipping below $23,000 for the first time since December 2020. As the “crypto winter” that commenced in November 2021 persisted, Bitcoin eventually fell below $20,000 by the close of 2022.

What Factors Affect Bitcoin Price History?

Bitcoin is a dynamic cryptocurrency that undergoes constant trading across numerous exchanges, with its price determined by the collective agreement of buyers and sellers. The market essentially sets the value of Bitcoin. However, several external factors can significantly influence the price at which individuals are willing to transact Bitcoin.

  • Sentiment
    • General market sentiment plays a crucial role in shaping the present and future price movements of any asset, often following cyclical patterns.
    • As optimism grows among investors, prices tend to surge until a consensus emerges that values will never decline. Conversely, when sentiment shifts negatively, it often indicates a potential bottoming.
    • The “Fear and Greed Index” by CNN gauges market sentiment using a range of indicators, including Bitcoin’s price volatility, call-to-put ratios, and the performance of stocks hitting new highs or lows.
  • Mining
    • Bitcoin mining, the process of transaction verification using powerful computers, impacts its price. Miners also receive newly created bitcoins as a reward.
    • The collective actions of miners can influence market prices significantly. Miners must sell some Bitcoin to cover operational expenses, but their decisions regarding holding or selling the remaining coins can impact supply and demand dynamics.
    • When miners anticipate higher future Bitcoin prices, they may retain most of their holdings, reducing available supply and supporting prices. Conversely, if miners expect a price decline or immediate cash needs, they might sell, increasing supply and potentially lowering prices.
  • Money Supply
    • The growth in the money supply, particularly due to central banks’ actions, is a key factor affecting Bitcoin’s price. There’s often a direct correlation between the issuance of new currency and Bitcoin’s price increase.
    • This relates to the supply-and-demand aspect of Bitcoin’s price. As more fiat currency is created, it competes for a limited supply of Bitcoin. Meanwhile, Bitcoin’s supply is reduced by half approximately every four years during a process called “Bitcoin halving.”
  • The Network Effect Bitcoin Price History
    • Bitcoin’s intrinsic value is often attributed to the size and activity of its network, reflecting how many individuals are actively using Bitcoin.
    • A comparison can be drawn to social media networks, which derive value from their user base and user engagement. Similarly, Bitcoin’s value increases as more people create wallets, convert fiat into Bitcoin, and engage in transactions or holding.
    • As Bitcoin’s price rises, it tends to attract more users, potentially creating a self-reinforcing cycle of network growth and value appreciation.

These factors collectively contribute to the intricate and evolving dynamics of Bitcoin’s price, highlighting the multifaceted nature of its value determination within the cryptocurrency ecosystem.

Bitcoin in 2024: Aspirations for a Consistent Revival

Standard Chartered, one of the UK’s prominent banks, has recently made bold predictions regarding the future price of Bitcoin. Their analysis suggests that Bitcoin’s value could climb to $50,000 by the end of the current year and potentially reach $120,000 by the conclusion of 2024. This forecast has garnered significant attention in the financial world.

What makes this prediction even more intriguing is the bank’s significant role within the global financial system. In a report published earlier this month, Standard Chartered cited recent market dynamics and their impact on Bitcoin miners as the primary reasons behind their optimistic outlook. According to their analysis, Bitcoin is poised for a substantial surge in value, with a target price of $120,000 by the end of the next year.

The basis for Standard Chartered’s optimism is partially linked to Bitcoin’s hash rate, which measures the computational power dedicated to securing the network. This hash rate recently achieved an all-time high, indicating the network’s robustness. This revised prediction supersedes the bank’s earlier projection of a $100,000 Bitcoin price by 2024. The change is attributed to a more favorable assessment of miner profitability. There’s also the strong possibility of an approved spot Bitcoin ETF, which could attract a new wave of institutional investors.

While predicting a fourfold increase in Bitcoin’s price over the next 18 months might seem excessively optimistic, given its historical price volatility, there are clear reasons behind Standard Chartered’s confidence. Concrete data indicates that the mining industry is recovering from what has been called the “crypto winter” and is now stronger than ever. Regulatory approval, which has been in the works for years, appears to be on the horizon, and Bitcoin has once again shown robust momentum following a cycle low. These factors collectively contribute to the bank’s positive outlook for the cryptocurrency.


In conclusion, Bitcoin has scripted a captivating and volatile price history. From its humble beginnings, it has evolved into a global financial phenomenon, drawing the fascination of investors and technologists alike. Bitcoin price history is a testament to its resilience and the transformative potential of blockchain technology, showcasing the enduring power of digital currency in the modern financial landscape.

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Chi Do
Chi Do
Chi Do is a content writer at CoinMinutes, responsible for creating most of the content on the website, including news related to Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Blockchain, Decentralized Finance (DeFi), and more. With a keen interest in cryptocurrencies since the 2020s, Chi has acquired extensive experience and knowledge in this field. Chi holds a Bachelor's degree in communication from Academy of Journalism and Communication in Vietnam.

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